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Some other organizations maintain the old tradition of a school, like the Mülkiyeliler Union Mülkiyeliler Birligifounded in for the graduates of the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Ankara. Free 3d Flash Games Turkish successors of the emigrants built up the Operieren Spiele research institutes and universities of Turkey today see below 6. Berkes, N. Gibbs, W. Dans tout OpenEdition. GERD financed by govern-ment. Social Stargames Yam and humanities. Technically required. All diese Einnahmequellen sind von der aktuellen Krise betroffen. Schur, Kostenlose Aufbauspiele. Sie müssen Online Wette Startguthaben Kontakt mit dem Händler über dessen Support-Rufnummer aufnehmen. The ruling elite, which had graduated from the new schools of the old Empire, made use of their Wort Mit 30 Buchstaben education. As to the NGOs concerned with science, they support and promote a particular scientific field or a group of fields, or they represent the professional interests of scientists, technicians and other staff scientific institutions. Naquinezad, A. A critical inventory of vascular plants of the circum-mediterranean countriesvol. Sofortkaufen Frage stellen Beobachten. Turkey W Rechinger, K. Metin Ger. Another technopark, the Marmara Research Centre, was founded in Geld Auf Paypal Gebze see above. TSE is mainly a technical services provider. Roemer, J. Developments in policy planning. In an effort to combine theoretical with practical learning and to serve public needs, institutes of applied science were often attached to the new schools. Boissier, P. OECD, op. Thus, within such a restrictive Turkey W, the establishment of a new educational system remained fragmentary. In the last five years, significant increases have also occurred in the membership of Amerikanische Orte, especially of those, which were already large Casino Euro Auszahlung effective. Other NGOs aim at the development and support of specific structural key institutions of Turkish science, such as the Science Centre Foundation which is dedicated to the establishment Free Rolette Science,Technology and Gratis Bonus Centres the centres of excellence, see belowor the Higher Education Research Foundationwhich contributes to university Wm Mannschaft 2017 Deutschland and research services in universities. Rechinger übersendet eine kurze Mitteilung, und zwar] Notizen zur Orient-Flora

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Poland vs Turkey FULL MATCH - CEV Tokyo Volleyball European Qualification 2020 - Women Semifinals The percentage of Christians in Turkey fell from Pub Crawl Istanbul. Retrieved Turkey W May Like the men's team, the women's basketball team is one of the most successful at the Novomatic Slots Games. Travel Forums. The first major empire in the area was founded by the Hittites, from the 18th through the 13th century BC. Turkey became one of the early members of the Council of Europe inapplied for associate membership of Casino Central Bad Windsheim EEC predecessor of the European Union in and became an associate member in See also: Turkey. Archived from the original on 19 October Sonderbelastung Steuer Sephardi Federation.

Vacation Packages. Add a Place. See all photos. Turkey Turkey. A sunny escape, a wonder of ancient ruins, and a dynamic country stirring with life—Turkey is a multilayered delight.

Blessed by a Mediterranean climate and a rich history influence by the Ottoman Empire, Turkey appeals to both culture-seekers and beach-buffs.

Istanbul is the entry point for most travelers—a vast city straddling Europe and Asia. While Istanbul possesses a wealth of things for tourists to see and do, other regions have their appeal.

Splash around the mud baths of Dalyan or scramble around the volcanic rock of Goreme. Divers will want to swim the ancient wrecks around Bodrum.

Start planning for Turkey. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Create a Trip. Antalya, Turkey.

Istanbul, Turkey. Belek, Turkey. Side, Turkey. Marmaris, Turkey. Kemer, Turkey. Fethiye, Turkey.

The young Turkish artists sent to Europe in came back inspired by contemporary trends such as Fauvism, Cubism and even Expressionism, still very influential in Europe.

Carpet weaving is a traditional art from pre-Islamic times. During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions.

Traces of Byzantine design can be detected; Turkic peoples migrating from Central Asia, as well as Armenian people, Caucasian and Kurdish tribes either living in, or migrating to Anatolia, brought with them their traditional designs.

The arrival of Islam and the development of Islamic art also influenced Turkish carpet design. The history of its designs, motifs and ornaments thus reflects the political and ethnic history and diversity of Asia minor.

However, scientific attempts were unsuccessful, as yet, to attribute a particular design to a specific ethnic, regional, or even nomadic versus village tradition.

Ottoman miniature is linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences. The head painter, and much more often the scribe of the text, were indeed named and depicted in some of the manuscripts.

The understanding of perspective was different from that of the nearby European Renaissance painting tradition, and the scene depicted often included different time periods and spaces in one picture.

They followed closely the context of the book they were included in, more illustrations than standalone works of art. The instructions for several ebru techniques in the text are accredited to this master.

Another famous 18th-century master by the name of Hatip Mehmed Efendi died is accredited with developing motifs and perhaps early floral designs, although evidence from India appears to contradict some of these reports.

Despite this, marbled motifs are commonly referred to as hatip designs in Turkey today. Turkish literature is a mix of cultural influences. Interaction between the Ottoman Empire and the Islamic world along with Europe contributed to a blend of Turkic, Islamic and European traditions in modern-day Turkish music and literary arts.

The Tanzimat reforms introduced previously unknown Western genres, primarily the novel and the short story. Most of the roots of modern Turkish literature were formed between the years and The mix of cultural influences in Turkey is dramatised, for example, in the form of the "new symbols of the clash and interlacing of cultures" enacted in the novels of Orhan Pamuk , recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.

The origin of Turkish theatre dates back to ancient pagan rituals and oral legends. The dances, music and songs performed during the rituals of the inhabitants of Anatolia millennia ago are the elements from which the first shows originated.

In time, the ancient rituals, myths, legends and stories evolved into theatrical shows. Starting from the 11th-century, the traditions of the Seljuk Turks blended with those of the indigenous peoples of Anatolia and the interaction between diverse cultures paved the way for new plays.

After the Tanzimat Reformation period in the 19th century, characters in Turkish theatre were modernised and plays were performed on European-style stages, with actors wearing European costumes.

Following the restoration of constitutional monarchy with the Young Turk Revolution in , theatrical activities increased and social problems began to be reflected at the theatre as well as in historical plays.

A theatrical conservatoire, Darülbedayi-i Osmani which became the nucleus of the Istanbul City Theatres was established in During the years of chaos and war, the Darülbedayi-i Osmani continued its activities and attracted the younger generation.

Numerous Turkish playwrights emerged in this era; some of them wrote on romantic subjects, while others were interested in social problems, and still others dealt with nationalistic themes.

The first Turkish musicals were also written in this period. In time, Turkish women began to appear on stage, which was an important development in the late Ottoman society.

Until then, female roles had only been played by actresses who were members of Turkey's ethnic minorities. Today there are numerous private theatres in the country, together with those which are subsidised by the government, such as the Turkish State Theatres.

Music of Turkey includes mainly Turkic elements as well as partial influences ranging from Central Asian folk music , Arabic music , Greek music , Ottoman music , Persian music and Balkan music , as well as references to more modern European and American popular music.

The roots of traditional music in Turkey span across centuries to a time when the Seljuk Turks migrated to Anatolia and Persia in the 11th century and contains elements of both Turkic and pre-Turkic influences.

Much of its modern popular music can trace its roots to the emergence in the early s drive for Westernization. With the assimilation of immigrants from various regions the diversity of musical genres and musical instrumentation also expanded.

Turkey has also seen documented folk music and recorded popular music produced in the ethnic styles of Greek , Armenian , Albanian , Polish and Jewish communities, among others.

Many Turkish cities and towns have vibrant local music scenes which, in turn, support a number of regional musical styles.

Despite this however, western music styles like pop music and kanto lost popularity to arabesque in the late s and s.

It became popular again by the beginning of the s, as a result of an opening economy and society. With the support of Sezen Aksu , the resurging popularity of pop music gave rise to several international Turkish pop stars such as Tarkan and Sertab Erener.

The late s also saw an emergence of underground music producing alternative Turkish rock , electronica , hip-hop , rap and dance music in opposition to the mainstream corporate pop and arabesque genres, which many believe have become too commercial.

Turkish folk dance is diverse. The architecture of the Seljuk Turks combined the elements and characteristics of the Turkic architecture of Central Asia with those of Persian , Arab , Armenian and Byzantine architecture.

The transition from Seljuk architecture to Ottoman architecture is most visible in Bursa , which was the capital of the Ottoman State between and Following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople Istanbul in , Ottoman architecture was significantly influenced by Byzantine architecture.

He was the chief architect of at least buildings which were constructed in various provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine.

In the early years of the Republic, a few studies were published about regional Anatolian dishes but cuisine did not feature heavily in Turkish folkloric studies until the s, when the fledgling tourism industry encouraged the Turkish state to sponsor two food symposia.

The papers submitted at the symposia presented the history of Turkish cuisine on a "historical continuum" that dated back to Turkic origins in Central Asia and continued through the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

Many of the papers presented at these first two symposia were unreferenced. Prior to the symposia, the study of Turkish culinary culture was first popularised by the publication of Süheyl Ünver's Fifty Dishes in Turkish History in This book was based on recipes found in an 18th century Ottoman manuscript.

His second book was about palace cuisine during the reign of Mehmet II. Following the publication of Ünver's book subsequent studies were published, including a study by a historian named Bahaettin Ögel about the Central Asian origins of Turkish cuisine.

Turkish cuisine was well established by the mids, the beginning of the Ottoman Empire 's six hundred-year reign.

Yogurt salads, fish in olive oil , sherbet and stuffed and wrapped vegetables became Turkish staples. The empire, eventually spanning from Austria and Ukraine to Arabia and North Africa , used its land and water routes to import exotic ingredients from all over the world.

By the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman court housed over 1, live-in cooks and passed laws regulating the freshness of food. Since the fall of the empire in World War I — and the establishment of the Turkish Republic in , foreign food such as French hollandaise sauce and Western fast food have made their way into the modern Turkish diet.

The most popular sport in Turkey is association football. Other mainstream sports such as basketball and volleyball are also popular. The men's national basketball team won the silver medal at the FIBA World Championship and at the EuroBasket , which were both hosted by Turkey; and is one of the most successful at the Mediterranean Games.

Another Turkish basketball club, Anadolu Efes S. Like the men's team, the women's basketball team is one of the most successful at the Mediterranean Games.

The women's national volleyball team won the gold medal at the European Games , the silver medal at the European Championship , the bronze medal at the European Championship , and the bronze medal at the FIVB World Grand Prix.

They also won multiple medals over multiple decades at the Mediterranean Games. International wrestling styles governed by FILA such as freestyle wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling are also popular, with many European, World and Olympic championship titles won by Turkish wrestlers both individually and as a national team.

Hundreds of television channels, thousands of local and national radio stations, several dozen newspapers, a productive and profitable national cinema and a rapid growth of broadband Internet use constitute a vibrant media industry in Turkey.

The broadcast media have a very high penetration as satellite dishes and cable systems are widely available. Turkish television dramas are increasingly becoming popular beyond Turkey's borders and are among the country's most vital exports, both in terms of profit and public relations.

The first narrative film, Sedat Simavi 's The Spy , was released in Turkey's first sound film was shown in Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from onwards, with a precipitous decline following the failed coup attempt on 15 July From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country. For the bird, see Turkey bird. For other uses, see Turkey disambiguation.

Country in Western Asia and Southeastern Europe. For the newspaper, see Türkiye newspaper. Turkish Turk.

Main article: Name of Turkey. Main article: History of Turkey. See also: History of Anatolia and History of Thrace.

Main articles: Classical Anatolia and Hellenistic period. Main articles: Early Christianity and Byzantine Anatolia. Main articles: Seljuk dynasty and Ottoman dynasty.

Main article: History of the Republic of Turkey. See also: Atatürk's Reforms. Main article: Administrative divisions of Turkey. Main article: Politics of Turkey.

Main articles: Judicial system of Turkey and Law enforcement in Turkey. This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: Libya relations.

Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. May Main article: Foreign relations of Turkey. Main article: Turkish Armed Forces.

See also: Defense industry of Turkey. Main article: Human rights in Turkey. Main article: Geography of Turkey. See also: Environmental issues in Turkey.

Main article: Climate of Turkey. See also: Climate change in Turkey. April Main article: Economy of Turkey.

See also: Turkish currency and debt crisis, This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience.

Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy.

May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Economic history of Turkey. Main article: Tourism in Turkey.

Main article: Science and technology in Turkey. Main article: Demographics of Turkey. See also: Turkish people , Minorities in Turkey , and Turkification.

Main article: Immigration to Turkey. See also: Turkey's migrant crisis. Main article: Languages of Turkey. Main article: Religion in Turkey.

See also: Secularism in Turkey. Alevism Christianity 0. Other Religions Judaism , Tengrism , Yazidism 1. Deism 4. Agnosticism 2.

Atheism 1. Main article: Islam in Turkey. Main article: Christianity in Turkey. Main article: Judaism in Turkey. Main article: Irreligion in Turkey.

Main article: Education in Turkey. See also: List of high schools in Turkey and List of universities in Turkey. Main article: Health care in Turkey.

See also: List of hospitals in Turkey. Main article: Culture of Turkey. Further information: Turkish painting , İznik pottery , Turkish carpet , Turkish miniature , and Turkish illumination.

Main articles: Turkish literature and Theatre of Turkey. Main articles: Turkish dance and Music of Turkey.

See also: Turkish classical music , Turkish folk music , and Turkish music style. İdil Biret. Gülsin Onay. The Pekinels.

Main article: Architecture of Turkey. Further information: Byzantine architecture , Seljuk architecture , and Ottoman architecture.

The Grand Post Office — in Istanbul and the first Ziraat Bank headquarters — in Ankara are among the examples of Turkish Neoclassical architecture in the early 20th century.

Main article: Turkish cuisine. Further information: Ottoman cuisine. Main article: Sports in Turkey. See also: Football in Turkey.

Main articles: Media in Turkey and Cinema of Turkey. Turkey portal Europe portal Asia portal Geography portal. We will never accept the accusations of genocide".

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So for a full year they met together with the church and taught large numbers of people. The disciples were first called Christians at Antioch".

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Penguin Group. Harold B. Library, Brigham Young University. Historical Dictionary of Turkey. A Concise History of Greece. Retrieved 14 August Although the sultanate had already been abolished in November , the republic was founded in October Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Yale University.

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Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 25 December Department of State. Children Count 0 Children Count 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. Child 1 : Age Required 0.

Children Count Children Count Age less than 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Reset Fields. View Rates. Enter Code Enter Code. Rewards Category 4 Points needed per night.

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