Die Muhammad Ali Story

Die Muhammad Ali Story Beschreibung

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Die Muhammad Ali Story

legt er seinen Namen Cassius Clay ab, nennt sich fortan Muhammad Ali. Zugleich schließt er sich der US-amerikanischen "Nation of Islam" an, die sich. Cassius Clay - Die Muhammad Ali Story DVD im Onlineshop von MediaMarkt kaufen. Jetzt bequem online bestellen. Find Cassius Clay - Die Muhammad Ali Story at auto-public.nl Movies & TV, home of thousands of titles on DVD and Blu-ray. George thinks he will, but I know he won't. Ali remained unable to obtain a license to box in any state for over three years. Adding to the atmosphere were the considerable pre-fight theatrics and name calling. Quasra Gaming July 29, Moore Clay vs. In Live Betting Picks Cooper fight, Clay was Stargames.Com De by Eurojackpot left hook at the end of round four and was saved by the Virtueller Hund, going on to win in the predicted 5th round due to Cooper's severely cut eye. Sports Illustrated Vault. The Journal. Bitte geben Sie eine gültige E-Mail Adresse ein. Kostenlos bestellen Blade And Soul Extra Character Slots Telefon. Du wechselst in den Kinderbereich und bewegst Gelbe Seiten Hamburg mit deinem Kinderprofil weiter. Weiter zum Kinderbereich. Der Link wurde an die angegebene Adresse verschickt, sofern ein zugehöriges Ex Libris-Konto vorhanden ist. Hier kannst du mehr erfahren und hier widersprechen. External Sites.

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Armed Forces on April 28, Citing his religious beliefs, he refused to serve. Ali was arrested, and the New York State Athletic Commission immediately suspended his boxing license and revoked his heavyweight belt.

Many saw Ali as a draft dodger, and his popularity plummeted. Banned from boxing for three years, Ali spoke out against the Vietnam War on college campuses.

As public attitudes turned against the war, support for Ali grew. Supreme Court overturned his conviction in a unanimous decision.

After 43 months in exile, Ali returned to the ring on October 26, , and knocked out Jerry Quarry in the third round.

Ali got up but lost in a unanimous decision, experiencing his first defeat as a pro. Ali won his next 10 bouts before being defeated by Ken Norton He won the rematch six months later in a split decision and gained further revenge in a unanimous decision over Frazier in a non-title rematch.

The victory gave the year-old Ali a title shot against year-old champion George Foreman The strategy worked, and Ali won in an eighth-round knockout to regain the title stripped from him seven years prior.

Ali also defeated Norton in their third meeting in a unanimous round decision. On February 15, , an aging Ali lost his title to Leon Spinks in a round split decision.

Seven months later, Ali defeated Spinks in a unanimous round decision to reclaim the heavyweight crown and become the first fighter to win the world heavyweight boxing title three times.

After announcing his retirement in , Ali launched a brief, unsuccessful comeback. However, he was overwhelmed in a technical knockout loss to Larry Holmes in , and he dropped a unanimous round decision to Trevor Berbick on December 11, After the fight, the year-old Ali retired for good with a career record of 56 wins, five losses and 37 knockouts.

He met with Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein in to negotiate the release of American hostages, and in he traveled to Afghanistan as a United Nations Messenger of Peace.

Ali had the honor of lighting the cauldron during the opening ceremonies of the Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

Ali has been married four times and has seven daughters and two sons. He married his fourth wife, Yolanda, in Ali died at the age of 74 on June 3, But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Louis, an African American, is perhaps best known for his legendary matchups against German boxer Max The eight men knew the next step they took would not only change their lives, it could possibly end them as well.

A red-and-white Schwinn bicycle launched his boxing career. Martin, who was also a boxing trainer, Historically, black women in sports faced double discrimination due to their gender and race.

The fight was even in the early rounds, but Ali was taking more punishment than ever in his career. On several occasions in the early rounds he played to the crowd and shook his head "no" after he was hit.

In the later rounds—in what was the first appearance of the " rope-a-dope strategy"—Ali leaned against the ropes and absorbed punishment from Frazier, hoping to tire him.

In the 11th round, Frazier connected with a left hook that wobbled Ali, but because it appeared that Ali might be clowning as he staggered backwards across the ring, Frazier hesitated to press his advantage, fearing an Ali counter-attack.

In the final round, Frazier knocked Ali down with a vicious left hook, which referee Arthur Mercante said was as hard as a man can be hit.

Ali was back on his feet in three seconds. In , basketball star Wilt Chamberlain challenged Ali to a fight, and a bout was scheduled for July These statements of confidence unsettled his taller opponent, whom Los Angeles Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke had offered a record-setting contract, conditional on Chamberlain agreeing to abandon what Cooke termed "this boxing foolishness", [78] and he did exactly that.

After the loss to Frazier, Ali fought Jerry Quarry, had a second bout with Floyd Patterson and faced Bob Foster in , winning a total of six fights that year.

In , Ken Norton broke Ali's jaw while giving him the second loss of his career. After initially considering retirement, Ali won a controversial decision against Norton in their second bout.

Ali was strong in the early rounds of the fight, and staggered Frazier in the second round. Referee Tony Perez mistakenly thought he heard the bell ending the round and stepped between the two fighters as Ali was pressing his attack, giving Frazier time to recover.

However, Frazier came on in the middle rounds, snapping Ali's head in round seven and driving him to the ropes at the end of round eight.

The last four rounds saw round-to-round shifts in momentum between the two fighters. Throughout most of the bout, however, Ali was able to circle away from Frazier's dangerous left hook and to tie Frazier up when he was cornered, the latter a tactic that Frazier's camp complained of bitterly.

Judges awarded Ali a unanimous decision. The defeat of Frazier set the stage for a title fight against heavyweight champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire , on October 30, —a bout nicknamed The Rumble in the Jungle.

Foreman was considered one of the hardest punchers in heavyweight history. In assessing the fight, analysts pointed out that Joe Frazier and Ken Norton , who had given Ali four tough battles and won two of them, had both been devastated by Foreman in second-round knockouts.

Ali was 32 years old, and had clearly lost speed and reflexes since his twenties. Contrary to his later persona, Foreman was at the time a brooding and intimidating presence.

Almost no one associated with the sport, not even Ali's long-time supporter Howard Cosell, gave the former champion a chance of winning.

As usual, Ali was confident and colorful before the fight. He told interviewer David Frost , "If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait till I whup Foreman's behind!

I done wrestled with an alligator, I done tussled with a whale; handcuffed lightning, thrown thunder in jail; only last week, I murdered a rock, injured a stone, hospitalized a brick; I'm so mean I make medicine sick.

Ali opened the fight moving and scoring with right crosses to Foreman's head. Then, beginning in the second round, and to the consternation of his corner, Ali retreated to the ropes and invited Foreman to hit him while covering up, clinching and counter-punching, all while verbally taunting Foreman.

The move, which would later become known as the " Rope-a-dope ", so violated conventional boxing wisdom—letting one of the hardest hitters in boxing strike at will—that at ringside writer George Plimpton thought the fight had to be fixed.

Midway through the fight, as Foreman began tiring, Ali countered more frequently and effectively with punches and flurries, which electrified the pro-Ali crowd.

In the eighth round, Ali dropped an exhausted Foreman with a combination at center ring; Foreman failed to make the count. Against the odds, and amidst pandemonium in the ring, Ali had regained the title by knockout.

Reflecting on the fight, George Foreman later said: "I thought Ali was just one more knockout victim until, about the seventh round, I hit him hard to the jaw and he held me and whispered in my ear: 'That all you got, George?

It was a major upset victory, [83] after Ali came in as a 4—1 underdog against the previously unbeaten, heavy-hitting Foreman.

Wepner, a journeyman known as "The Bayonne Bleeder", stunned Ali with a knockdown in the ninth round; Ali would later say he tripped on Wepner's foot.

It was a bout that would inspire Sylvester Stallone to create the acclaimed film, Rocky. Ali then agreed to a third match with Joe Frazier in Manila.

In the first rounds, Ali was aggressive, moving and exchanging blows with Frazier. However, Ali soon appeared to tire and adopted the "rope-a-dope" strategy, frequently resorting to clinches.

During this part of the bout Ali did some effective counter-punching, but for the most part absorbed punishment from a relentlessly attacking Frazier.

In the 12th round, Frazier began to tire, and Ali scored several sharp blows that closed Frazier's left eye and opened a cut over his right eye.

With Frazier's vision now diminished, Ali dominated the 13th and 14th rounds, at times conducting what boxing historian Mike Silver called "target practice" on Frazier's head.

The fight was stopped when Frazier's trainer, Eddie Futch, refused to allow Frazier to answer the bell for the 15th and final round, despite Frazier's protests.

Frazier's eyes were both swollen shut. Ali, in his corner, winner by TKO, slumped on his stool, clearly spent.

An ailing Ali said afterwards that the fight "was the closest thing to dying that I know", and, when later asked if he had viewed the fight on videotape, reportedly said, "Why would I want to go back and see Hell?

After the third fight with Frazier, Ali considered retirement. My arms, my face, my sides all ache. There is a great possibility that I will retire.

You might have seen the last of me. I want to sit back and count my money, live in my house and my farm, work for my people and concentrate on my family.

Rhee called that punch the "Accupunch"; he learned it from Bruce Lee. On June 1, , Ali removed his shirt and jacket and confronted professional wrestler Gorilla Monsoon in the ring after his match at a World Wide Wrestling Federation show in Philadelphia Arena.

After dodging a few punches, Monsoon put Ali in an airplane spin and dumped him to the mat. Ali stumbled to the corner, where his associate Butch Lewis convinced him to walk away.

On June 26, , Ali participated in an exhibition bout in Tokyo against Japanese professional wrestler and martial artist Antonio Inoki.

Ali fought Ken Norton for the third time in September The bout, which was held at Yankee Stadium , resulted in Ali winning a heavily contested decision that was loudly booed by the audience.

Afterwards, he announced he was retiring from boxing to practice his faith, having converted to Sunni Islam after falling out with the Nation of Islam the previous year.

After returning to beat Alfredo Evangelista in May , Ali struggled in his next fight against Earnie Shavers that September, getting pummeled a few times by punches to the head.

Ali won the fight by another unanimous decision, but the bout caused his longtime doctor Ferdie Pacheco to quit after he was rebuffed for telling Ali he should retire.

Pacheco was quoted as saying, "the New York State Athletic Commission gave me a report that showed Ali's kidneys were falling apart.

I wrote to Angelo Dundee, Ali's trainer, his wife and Ali himself. I got nothing back in response. That's when I decided enough is enough. At the time, Spinks had only seven professional fights to his credit, and had recently fought a draw with journeyman Scott LeDoux.

Ali sparred less than two dozen rounds in preparation for the fight, and was seriously out of shape by the opening bell.

He lost the title by split decision. This made Ali the first heavyweight champion to win the belt three times. Following this win, on July 27, , Ali announced his retirement from boxing.

His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time.

The fight was largely motivated by Ali's need for money. Boxing writer Richie Giachetti said, "Larry didn't want to fight Ali.

He knew Ali had nothing left; he knew it would be a horror. It was around this time that Ali started struggling with vocal stutters and trembling hands.

Ali chose instead to check into the Mayo Clinic , who declared him fit to fight. The fight took place on October 2, , in Las Vegas Valley, with Holmes easily dominating Ali, who was weakened from thyroid medication he had taken to lose weight.

Giachetti called the fight "awful The Holmes fight is said to have contributed to Ali's Parkinson's disease. By the end of his boxing career Ali had absorbed , hits.

Ali was married four times and had seven daughters and two sons. Ali was introduced to cocktail waitress Sonji Roi by Herbert Muhammad and asked her to marry him after their first date.

They were wed approximately one month later on August 14, According to Ali, "She wouldn't do what she was supposed to do. She wore lipstick; she went into bars; she dressed in clothes that were revealing and didn't look right.

Just before the divorce was finalized, Ali sent Sonji a note: "You traded heaven for hell, baby. On August 17, , Ali married Belinda Boyd. Born into a Chicago family that had converted to the Nation Of Islam, she later changed her name to Khalilah Ali, though she was still called Belinda by old friends and family.

Ali was a resident of Cherry Hill, New Jersey , in the early s. While still married to Belinda, Ali married Aaisha in an Islamic ceremony that was not legally recognized.

According to Khaliah, Aaisha and her mother lived at Ali's Deer Lake training camp alongside Belinda and her children.

Their second daughter, Laila Ali , was born in December They had been friends since in Louisville. Together they adopted a son, Asaad Amin, when Asaad was five months old.

Kiiursti Mensah-Ali says she is Ali's biological daughter with Barbara Mensah, with whom he allegedly had a year relationship, [] [] [] [] citing photographs and a paternity test conducted in She said he accepted responsibility and took care of her, but all contacts with him were cut off after he married his fourth wife Lonnie.

Kiiursti says she has a relationship with his other children. After his death she again made passionate appeals to be allowed to mourn at his funeral.

In , Osmon Williams came forward claiming to be Ali's biological son. The case went on until and was eventually thrown out as her allegations were deemed to be barred by the statute of limitations.

Ali then lived in Scottsdale, Arizona , with Lonnie. Lonnie converted to Islam from Catholicism in her late twenties.

Ali's daughter Laila was a professional boxer from until , [] despite her father's previous opposition to women's boxing.

In he said "Women are not made to be hit in the breast, and face like that Get hit in the breast Ali's daughter Hana is married to Bellator middleweight fighter Kevin Casey.

Ali said that he first heard of the Nation of Islam when he was fighting in the Golden Gloves tournament in Chicago in , and attended his first Nation of Islam meeting in He continued to attend meetings, although keeping his involvement hidden from the public.

In , Clay met Malcolm X , who soon became his spiritual and political mentor. This led to a story in The Miami Herald just before the fight disclosing that Clay had joined the Nation of Islam, which nearly caused the bout to be canceled.

The article quoted Cassius Clay Sr. In fact, Clay was initially refused entry to the Nation of Islam often called the Black Muslims at the time due to his boxing career.

However, after he won the championship from Liston in , the Nation of Islam was more receptive and agreed to publicize his membership.

He stayed in Chicago for about 12 years. Only a few journalists, most notably Howard Cosell, accepted the new name at that time. Not afraid to antagonize the white establishment, Ali stated, "I am America.

I am the part you won't recognize. But get used to me. Black, confident, cocky; my name, not yours; my religion, not yours; my goals, my own; get used to me.

Aligning himself with the Nation of Islam, its leader Elijah Muhammad , and a narrative that labeled the white race as the perpetrator of genocide against African Americans made Ali a target of public condemnation.

The Nation of Islam was widely viewed by whites and some African Americans as a black separatist "hate religion" with a propensity toward violence; Ali had few qualms about using his influential voice to speak Nation of Islam doctrine.

Integration is wrong. We don't want to live with the white man; that's all. But there is an irony to the fact that while the Nation branded white people as devils, Ali had more white colleagues than most African American people did at that time in America, and continued to have them throughout his career.

In a autobiography, Ali attributed his conversion to mainstream Sunni Islam to Warith Deen Muhammad , who assumed leadership of the Nation of Islam upon the death of his father Elijah Muhammad, and persuaded the Nation's followers to become adherents of Sunni Islam.

Ali had gone on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in , which inspired him in a similar manner to Malcolm X, meeting people of different colors from all over the world giving him a different outlook and greater spiritual awareness.

After the September 11 attacks in , he stated that "Islam is a religion of peace " and "does not promote terrorism or killing people", and that he was "angry that the world sees a certain group of Islam followers who caused this destruction, but they are not real Muslims.

They are racist fanatics who call themselves Muslims. In later life, Ali developed an interest in Sufism , which he referenced in his autobiography, The Soul of a Butterfly.

Ali later moved away from Inayat Khan's teachings of Universal Sufism after traditional Sunni-Sufis criticized the movement as being contrary to the actual teachings of Sunni Islam.

Gianotti, who was at Ali's bedside during his last days and ensured that his funeral was in accordance with Islamic rites and rituals.

Ali said the idea was not to use the proceeds for profit, but to establish an international agency to help poor children.

He added, "I love the music. I used to train to their music. Ali registered for conscription in the United States military on his 18th birthday and was listed as 1-A in Armed Forces qualifying test because his writing and spelling skills were sub-standard, [] due to his dyslexia.

Army at a time when the U. When notified of this status, Ali declared that he would refuse to serve in the army and publicly considered himself a conscientious objector.

I'm not trying to dodge the draft. We are not supposed to take part in no wars unless declared by Allah or The Messenger. We don't take part in Christian wars or wars of any unbelievers.

On April 28, , Ali appeared in Houston for his scheduled induction into the U. Armed Forces, but he refused three times to step forward when his name was called.

Once more, Ali refused to budge when his name was called, and he was arrested. Later that same day, the New York State Athletic Commission suspended his boxing license and stripped him of his title.

Other boxing commissions followed suit. Ali remained unable to obtain a license to box in any state for over three years. The meeting was organized by Jim Brown for his peers to question Ali about the seriousness of his convictions, and to decide whether to support him, which they ultimately did.

Supreme Court in Ali remained free in the years between the Appellate Court decision and the Supreme Court ruling. As public opinion began turning people against the war and the Civil Rights Movement continued to gather momentum, Ali became a popular speaker at colleges and universities across the country; this itinerary was rare if not unprecedented for a prizefighter.

At Howard University , for example, he gave his popular "Black Is Best" speech to 4, cheering students and community intellectuals, after he was invited to speak by sociology professor Nathan Hare on behalf of the Black Power Committee, a student protest group.

United States overturned Ali's conviction by a unanimous 8—0 decision Justice Thurgood Marshall recused himself, as he had been the U.

Solicitor General at the time of Ali's conviction. Ali's example inspired countless black Americans and others. The New York Times columnist William Rhoden wrote, "Ali's actions changed my standard of what constituted an athlete's greatness.

Possessing a killer jump shot or the ability to stop on a dime was no longer enough. What were you doing for the liberation of your people?

What were you doing to help your country live up to the covenant of its founding principles? Recalling Ali's anti-war position, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar said: "I remember the teachers at my high school didn't like Ali because he was so anti-establishment and he kind of thumbed his nose at authority and got away with it.

The fact that he was proud to be a black man and that he had so much talent But for those very reasons I enjoyed him. Civil rights figures came to believe that Ali had an energizing effect on the freedom movement as a whole.

Al Sharpton spoke of his bravery at a time when there was still widespread support for the Vietnam War. Even those who were assassinated, certainly lost their lives, but they didn't voluntarily do that.

He knew he was going to jail and did it anyway. That's another level of leadership and sacrifice. Ali was honored with the annual Martin Luther King Award in by civil rights leader Ralph Abernathy , who called him "a living example of soul power, the March on Washington in two fists.

In speaking of the cost on Ali's career of his refusal to be drafted, his trainer Angelo Dundee said, "One thing must be taken into account when talking about Ali: He was robbed of his best years, his prime years.

Bob Arum did not support Ali's choice at the time. More recently, Arum stated that "when I look back at his life, and I was blessed to call him a friend and spent a lot of time with him, it's hard for me to talk about his exploits in boxing because as great as they were they paled in comparison to the impact that he had on the world," and "He did what he thought was right.

And it turned out he was right, and I was wrong. Ali's resistance to the draft was covered in the documentary The Trials of Muhammad Ali.

Martin Luther King Jr. Ali had a cameo role in the film version of Requiem for a Heavyweight , and during his exile from boxing, he starred in the short-lived Broadway musical, Buck White.

He also appeared in the documentary film Black Rodeo riding both a horse and a bull. Senate and battles other former slaves and white sharecroppers to keep the land they have tended all their lives.

Ali often used rhyme schemes and spoken word poetry, both for when he was trash-talking in boxing and as political poetry for his activism outside of boxing.

He played a role in the shaping of the black poetic tradition, paving the way for The Last Poets in , Gil Scott-Heron in , and the emergence of rap music in the s.

In , Ali released an album of spoken word music on Columbia Records titled, I Am the Greatest , and in , he recorded a cover version of the rhythm and blues song " Stand by Me ".

Tooth Decay. Ali was an influential figure in the world of hip hop music. As a "rhyming trickster", he was noted for his "funky delivery", "boasts", "comical trash-talk", and "endless quotables.

I done handcuffed lightning and throw thunder in jail. Just last week, I murdered a rock, Injured a stone, Hospitalized a brick.

His hands can't hit what his eyes can't see. Now you see me, now you don't. George thinks he will, but I know he won't. So confident in what he said; fluent, smooth, creative, and intimidating.

He was a boxer and an activist, but he also had a role in influencing what now dominated pop-culture, hip-hop. Chuck D , a rapper for the band Public Enemy is the host.

Muhammad Ali's fights were some of the world's most-watched television broadcasts , setting television viewership records.

The following table lists known viewership figures of his non-fight television appearances. For television viewership figures of his fights, see Boxing career of Muhammad Ali: Television viewership.

In , Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease , a disease that sometimes results from head trauma from violent physical activities such as boxing.

Ali was known for being a humanitarian [] and philanthropist. Ali began visiting Africa starting in , when he visited Ghana.

In , Ali was recruited by President Jimmy Carter for a diplomatic mission to Africa, in an effort to persuade a number of African governments to join the US-led boycott of the Moscow Olympics in response to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.

According to Ali biographer Thomas Hauser, "at best, it was ill-conceived; at worst, a diplomatic disaster.

Ali was unable to explain why the African countries should join the US boycott when it had failed to support the African boycott of the Olympics in protest at Apartheid in South Africa , and was unaware that the Soviet Union was sponsoring popular revolutionary movements in Africa.

Ali conceded "They didn't tell me about that in America", and complained that Carter had sent him "around the world to take the whupping over American policies.

Ali did, however, convince the government of Kenya to boycott the Olympics. On January 19, , in Los Angeles, Ali talked a suicidal man down from jumping off a ninth-floor ledge, an event that made national news.

When asked to elaborate on his endorsement of Reagan, Ali told reporters, "He's keeping God in schools and that's enough.

Around , the California Bicentennial Foundation for the U. Constitution selected Ali to personify the vitality of the U.

Constitution and Bill of Rights. Ali rode on a float at the following year's Tournament of Roses Parade , launching the U. Constitution's th birthday commemoration.

In , Ali traveled to Iraq prior to the Gulf War , and met with Saddam Hussein in an attempt to negotiate the release of American hostages.

Ali secured the release of the hostages, in exchange for promising Hussein that he would bring America "an honest account" of Iraq.

Despite rescuing hostages, he received criticism from President George H. Bush , diplomat Joseph C. Wilson , and The New York Times. In , Ali campaigned to the United States government to come to the aid of refugees afflicted by the Rwandan genocide , and to donate to organizations helping Rwandan refugees.

In , Ali led a group of Japanese and American professional wrestlers, including his opponent Antonio Inoki and Ric Flair , on a sports diplomacy mission to North Korea.

Ali was guest of honor at the record-breaking Collision in Korea , a wrestling event with the largest attendance of all time.

In , he had the honor of lighting the flame at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. It was watched by an estimated 3. On November 17, , Ali went to Afghanistan as the " U.

Messenger of Peace. On July 27, , Ali was a titular bearer of the Olympic flag during the opening ceremonies of the Summer Olympics in London.

He was helped to his feet by his wife Lonnie to stand before the flag due to his Parkinson's rendering him unable to carry it into the stadium.

The press attributed his decline in wealth to several factors, including taxes consuming at least half of his income, management taking a third of his income, [] his lifestyle, and spending on family, charity and religious causes.

Ali's bout with Parkinson's led to a gradual decline in his health, though he was still active into the early years of the millennium, promoting his own biopic, Ali , in That year he also contributed an on-camera segment to the America: A Tribute to Heroes benefit concert.

In , Ali began working with actor Michael J. Fox , who has Parkinson's disease , to raise awareness and fund research for a cure. They made a joint appearance before Congress to push the case in In , Ali worked with the Michael J.

Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Disease to raise awareness and encourage donations for research. In February , Ali's brother Rahman Ali said Muhammad could no longer speak and could be dead within days.

Ali was hospitalized in Scottsdale, Arizona , on June 2, , with a respiratory illness. Though his condition was initially described as fair, it worsened, and he died the following day at the age of 74 from septic shock.

Following Ali's death, he was the number-one trending topic on Twitter for over 12 hours and on Facebook for several days. ESPN played four hours of non-stop commercial-free coverage of Ali.

He was mourned globally, and a family spokesman said the family "certainly believes that Muhammad was a citizen of the world But he only has one hometown.

Ali's funeral had been pre-planned by himself and others for several years prior to his actual death.

On June 10, , the funeral procession passed through the streets of Louisville ending at Cave Hill Cemetery , where his body was interred during a private ceremony.

His grave is marked with a simple granite marker that bears only his name. Center was held during the afternoon of June Muhammad Ali defeated every top heavyweight in his era, which has been called the golden age of heavyweight boxing.

Ali was named "Fighter of the Year" by The Ring magazine more times than any other fighter, and was involved in more Ring "Fight of the Year" bouts than any other fighter.

He was one of only three boxers to be named " Sportsman of the Year " by Sports Illustrated. This was controversial at the time, as within a week 12 of the 70 street signs were stolen.

Earlier that year, a committee of the Jefferson County Public Schools Kentucky considered renaming Ali's alma mater, Central High School, in his honor, but the motion failed to pass.

In time, Muhammad Ali Boulevard—and Ali himself—came to be well accepted in his hometown. In , the Associated Press reported that Ali was tied with Babe Ruth as the most recognized athlete, out of over dead or living athletes, in America.

In addition to displaying his boxing memorabilia, the center focuses on core themes of peace, social responsibility, respect, and personal growth.

On June 5, , he received an honorary doctorate of humanities at Princeton University 's th graduation ceremony.

Construction of the mall, the first of its kind in the Philippines, began shortly after Ali's victory in a match with Joe Frazier in nearby Araneta Coliseum in The mall opened in with Ali attending its opening.

The Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki fight played an important role in the history of mixed martial arts. Pride was acquired by its rival, Ultimate Fighting Championship , in The Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act was introduced in and passed in , to protect the rights and welfare of boxers in the United States.

The annual award was originally created in and honors former "sports figures who embody the ideals of sportsmanship, leadership and philanthropy as vehicles for changing the world.

On 13th January , seven months or so after Ali's death, and 4 days before what would have been his 75th birthday, the Muhammad Ali Commemorative Coin Act was introduced into the th Congress — , as H.

However, both "died" within 10 days. As a world champion boxer, social activist, and pop culture icon, Ali was the subject of numerous creative works including books, films, music, video games, TV shows, and other.

Muhammad Ali was often dubbed the world's "most famous" person in the media. Ali appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated on 38 different occasions, [] second only to Michael Jordan 's On the set of Freedom Road Ali met Canadian singer-songwriter Michel also known as Robert Williams, a co-founder of The Kindness Offensive [] , and subsequently helped create Michel's album entitled The First Flight of the Gizzelda Dragon and an unaired television special featuring them both.

Muhammad Ali , a DC Comics comic book pitting the champ against the superhero. The show's title itself was inspired by the quote "Different strokes for different folks" popularized in by Ali, who also inspired the title of the Syl Johnson song "Different Strokes", one of the most sampled songs in pop music history.

The Muhammad Ali effect, named after Ali, is a term that came into use in psychology in the s, as he stated in The Greatest: My Own Story : "I only said I was the greatest, not the smartest.

Prior to making the film, Smith rejected the role until Ali requested that he accept it. Smith said the first thing Ali told him was: "Man, you're almost pretty enough to play me.

In , Ali was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the entertainment industry.

Ken Burns is working on a four-part documentary film, spanning over eight hours on Ali's entire life which has been in the works since and is scheduled to release in the fall of on PBS.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cassius Clay disambiguation and Mohammad Ali disambiguation.

American boxer, philanthropist and activist. Louisville, Kentucky , U. Scottsdale, Arizona , U. Sonji Roi.

Belinda Boyd. Yolanda Williams. Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. Odessa Grady Clay. Medal record. Main articles: Boxing career of Muhammad Ali and professional boxing record.

Main article: Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston. Floyd Patterson. Main article: The Super Fight. Main article: Fight of the Century.

Jimmy Ellis. Joe Frazier II. Main article: The Rumble in the Jungle. Main article: Thrilla in Manila.

Children of Muhammad Ali. Main article: Religious views of Muhammad Ali. See also: Clay v. United States. My enemy is the white people, not Viet Cong or Chinese or Japanese.

You my opposer when I want freedom. You my opposer when I want justice. You my opposer when I want equality. You won't even stand up for me in America for my religious beliefs—and you want me to go somewhere and fight, but you won't even stand up for me here at home?

Further information: Muhammad Ali in media and popular culture. Main article: Muhammad Ali in media and popular culture. United States portal Biography portal Islam portal Sports portal.

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User Reviews. Bei der Passwort-Anfrage hat etwas nicht funktioniert. Frederick Forell. Lassen Sie sich inspirieren! Leider Monybookers die Registrierung nicht funktioniert. Bist vielleicht bereits bei Mein ZDF angemeldet? Das Passwort muss mindestens 8 Zeichen lang sein und What Is Your Favorite eine Zahl enthalten.

Die Muhammad Ali Story Video

ZDF History - Muhammad Ali - Der Größte

An Olympic gold medalist and the first fighter to capture the heavyweight title three times, Ali won 56 times in his year professional career.

Born Cassius Clay Jr. Citing his religious beliefs, he refused military induction and was stripped of his heavyweight championship and banned from boxing for three years during the prime of his career.

Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. It was a red-and-white Schwinn that steered the future heavyweight champion to the sport of boxing. When his beloved bicycle was stolen, a tearful year-old Clay reported the theft to Louisville police officer Joe Martin and vowed to pummel the culprit.

Martin, who was also a boxing trainer, suggested that the upset youngster first learn how to fight, and he took Clay under his wing.

Six weeks later, Clay won his first bout in a split decision. By age 18 Clay had captured two national Golden Gloves titles, two Amateur Athletic Union national titles and victories against eight losses.

After graduating high school, he traveled to Rome and won the light heavyweight gold medal in the Summer Olympics. Clay won his professional boxing debut on October 29, , in a six-round decision.

After winning his first 19 fights, including 15 knockouts, Clay received his first title shot on February 25, , against reigning heavyweight champion Sonny Liston When Liston failed to answer the bell at the start of the seventh round, Clay was indeed crowned heavyweight champion of the world.

At a press conference the next morning, Clay, who had been seen around Miami with controversial Nation of Islam member Malcolm X , confirmed the rumors of his conversion to Islam.

Ali solidified his hold on the heavyweight championship by knocking out Liston in the first round of their rematch on May 25, , and he defended his title eight more times.

Then, with the Vietnam War raging, Ali showed up for his scheduled induction into the U. Armed Forces on April 28, Citing his religious beliefs, he refused to serve.

Ali was arrested, and the New York State Athletic Commission immediately suspended his boxing license and revoked his heavyweight belt. Many saw Ali as a draft dodger, and his popularity plummeted.

Banned from boxing for three years, Ali spoke out against the Vietnam War on college campuses. As public attitudes turned against the war, support for Ali grew.

Supreme Court overturned his conviction in a unanimous decision. After 43 months in exile, Ali returned to the ring on October 26, , and knocked out Jerry Quarry in the third round.

Ali got up but lost in a unanimous decision, experiencing his first defeat as a pro. Ali won his next 10 bouts before being defeated by Ken Norton He won the rematch six months later in a split decision and gained further revenge in a unanimous decision over Frazier in a non-title rematch.

The victory gave the year-old Ali a title shot against year-old champion George Foreman The strategy worked, and Ali won in an eighth-round knockout to regain the title stripped from him seven years prior.

Ali also defeated Norton in their third meeting in a unanimous round decision. On February 15, , an aging Ali lost his title to Leon Spinks in a round split decision.

His joint records of beating 21 boxers for the world heavyweight title and winning 14 unified title bouts stood for 35 years. He has been ranked the greatest heavyweight boxer of all time, [12] and as the greatest athlete of the 20th century by Sports Illustrated , the Sports Personality of the Century by the BBC, and the third greatest athlete of the 20th century by ESPN SportsCentury.

Ali thrived in the spotlight at a time when many fighters let their managers do the talking, and he was often provocative and outlandish.

Outside the ring, Ali attained success as a musician, where he received two Grammy nominations. Ali retired from boxing in and focused on religion, helping people by donating millions to charities and marching for people's rights to raise awareness for issues they are facing even outside of America.

In , he made public his diagnosis of Parkinson's disease , which some reports attribute to boxing-related injuries, [25] though he and his specialist physicians disputed this.

Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. Clare , Ireland. His father was a sign and billboard painter, [27] and his mother, Odessa O'Grady Clay — , was a domestic helper.

Although Cassius Sr. He was dyslexic , which led to difficulties in reading and writing, at school and for much of his life.

His mother recalled one occasion when he was denied a drink of water at a store—"They wouldn't give him one because of his color.

That really affected him. Ali was first directed toward boxing by Louisville police officer and boxing coach Joe E. Martin , [43] who encountered the year-old fuming over a thief's having taken his bicycle.

He told the officer he was going to "whup" the thief. The officer told Clay he had better learn how to box first. Clay made his amateur boxing debut in against local amateur boxer Ronnie O'Keefe.

He won by split decision. Ali said in his autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant and fought with a white gang.

The story was later disputed, and several of Ali's friends, including Bundini Brown and photographer Howard Bingham , denied it.

Clay made his professional debut on October 29, , winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker.

From then until the end of , Clay amassed a record of 19—0 with 15 wins by knockout. Clay also beat his former trainer and veteran boxer Archie Moore in a match.

These early fights were not without trials. Clay was knocked down by both Sonny Banks and Cooper. In the Cooper fight, Clay was floored by a left hook at the end of round four and was saved by the bell, going on to win in the predicted 5th round due to Cooper's severely cut eye.

The fight with Doug Jones on March 13, was Clay's toughest fight during this stretch. Jones staggered Clay in the first round, and the unanimous decision for Clay was greeted by boos and a rain of debris thrown into the ring.

Watching on closed-circuit TV, heavyweight champ Sonny Liston quipped that if he fought Clay he might get locked up for murder.

The fight was later named "Fight of the Year" by The Ring magazine. In each of these fights, Clay vocally belittled his opponents and vaunted his abilities.

He called Jones "an ugly little man" and Cooper a "bum". He said he was embarrassed to get in the ring with Alex Miteff and claimed that Madison Square Garden was "too small for me.

In Clay left Moore's camp, partially due to Clay's refusal to do chores such as washing dishes and sweeping. To replace Moore, Clay hired Angelo Dundee to be his trainer.

Clay had met Dundee in February during Clay's amateur career. By late , Clay had become the top contender for Sonny Liston's title. The fight was set for February 25, , in Miami Beach.

Liston was an intimidating personality, a dominating fighter with a criminal past and ties to the mob. Based on Clay's uninspired performance against Jones and Cooper in his previous two fights, and Liston's destruction of former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson in two first-round knockouts, Clay was a 7—1 underdog.

Despite this, Clay taunted Liston during the pre-fight buildup, dubbing him "the big ugly bear", stating "Liston even smells like a bear" and claiming "After I beat him I'm going to donate him to the zoo.

The outcome of the fight was a major upset. At the opening bell, Liston rushed at Clay, seemingly angry and looking for a quick knockout.

However, Clay's superior speed and mobility enabled him to elude Liston, making the champion miss and look awkward. At the end of the first round, Clay opened up his attack and hit Liston repeatedly with jabs.

Liston fought better in round two, but at the beginning of the third round Clay hit Liston with a combination that buckled his knees and opened a cut under his left eye.

This was the first time Liston had ever been cut. At the end of round four, Clay was returning to his corner when he began experiencing blinding pain in his eyes and asked his trainer, Angelo Dundee , to cut off his gloves.

Dundee refused. It has been speculated that the problem was due to ointment used to seal Liston's cuts, perhaps deliberately applied by his corner to his gloves.

Despite Liston's attempts to knock out a blinded Clay, Clay was able to survive the fifth round until sweat and tears rinsed the irritation from his eyes.

In the sixth, Clay dominated, hitting Liston repeatedly. Liston did not answer the bell for the seventh round, and Clay was declared the winner by TKO.

Liston stated that the reason he quit was an injured shoulder. Following the win, a triumphant Clay rushed to the edge of the ring and, pointing to the ringside press, shouted: "Eat your words!

I shook up the world. I'm the prettiest thing that ever lived. At ringside post fight, Clay appeared unconvinced that the fight was stopped due to a Liston shoulder injury, saying that the only injury Liston had was "an open eye, a big cut eye!

In winning this fight at the age of 22, Clay became the youngest boxer to take the title from a reigning heavyweight champion.

However, Floyd Patterson remained the youngest to win the heavyweight championship, doing so at the age 21 during an elimination bout following Rocky Marciano 's retirement.

Mike Tyson broke both records in when he defeated Trevor Berbick to win the heavyweight title at age Ali then faced a rematch with Liston scheduled for May in Lewiston, Maine.

It had been scheduled for Boston the previous November, but was postponed for six months due to Ali's emergency surgery for a hernia three days before.

Midway through the first round, Liston was knocked down by a difficult-to-see blow the press dubbed a "phantom punch".

Referee Jersey Joe Walcott did not begin the count immediately after the knockdown, as Ali refused to retreat to a neutral corner. Liston rose after he had been down for about 20 seconds, and the fight momentarily continued.

However a few seconds later Walcott, having been informed by the timekeepers that Liston had been down for a count of 10, stopped the match and declared Ali the winner by knockout.

It has since been speculated that Liston purposely dropped to the ground. Proposed motivations include threats on his life from the Nation of Islam, that he had bet against himself and that he "took a dive" to pay off debts.

Slow-motion replays show that Liston was jarred by a chopping right from Ali, although it is unclear whether the blow was a genuine knockout punch.

Ali defended his title against former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson on November 22, Before the match, Ali mocked Patterson, who was widely known to call him by his former name Cassius Clay, as an " Uncle Tom ", calling him "The Rabbit".

Although Ali clearly had the better of Patterson, who appeared injured during the fight, the match lasted 12 rounds before being called on a technical knockout.

Patterson later said he had strained his sacroiliac. Ali was criticized in the sports media for appearing to have toyed with Patterson during the fight.

Stratton claims that the conflict between Ali and Patterson was not genuine but was staged to increase ticket sales and the closed-circuit viewing audience, with both men complicit in the theatrics.

Stratton also cites an interview by Howard Cosell in which Ali explained that rather than toying with Patterson, he refrained from knocking him out after it became apparent Patterson was injured.

Patterson later said that he had never been hit by punches as soft as Ali's. Stratton states that Ali arranged the second fight, in , with the financially struggling Patterson to help the former champion earn enough money to pay a debt to the IRS.

After the Patterson fight, Ali founded his own promotion company, Main Bout. The company mainly handled Ali's boxing promotions and pay-per-view closed-circuit television broadcasts.

The company's stockholders were mainly fellow Nation of Islam members, along with several others, including Bob Arum. But in February Ali was reclassified by the Louisville draft board as 1-A from 1-Y, and he indicated that he would refuse to serve, commenting to the press, "I ain't got nothing against no Viet Cong ; no Viet Cong never called me nigger.

The bout drew a record-breaking indoor crowd of 35, people. Williams had once been considered among the hardest punchers in the heavyweight division, but in he had been shot at point-blank range by a Texas policeman, resulting in the loss of one kidney and 3.

Ali dominated Williams, winning a third-round technical knockout in what some consider the finest performance of his career.

Ali fought Terrell in Houston on February 6, Terrell, who was unbeaten in five years and had defeated many of the boxers Ali had faced, was billed as Ali's toughest opponent since Liston; he was big, strong and had a three-inch reach advantage over Ali.

During the lead up to the bout, Terrell repeatedly called Ali "Clay", much to Ali's annoyance. The two almost came to blows over the name issue in a pre-fight interview with Howard Cosell.

Ali seemed intent on humiliating Terrell. In the eighth round, Ali taunted Terrell, hitting him with jabs and shouting between punches, "What's my name, Uncle Tom Terrell claimed that early in the fight Ali deliberately thumbed him in the eye, forcing him to fight half-blind, and then, in a clinch, rubbed the wounded eye against the ropes.

Because of Ali's apparent intent to prolong the fight to inflict maximum punishment, critics described the bout as "one of the ugliest boxing fights.

After Ali's title defense against Zora Folley on March 22, he was stripped of his title due to his refusal to be drafted to army service. He paid a bond and remained free while the verdict was being appealed.

In March , Ali refused to be inducted into the armed forces. He was systematically denied a boxing license in every state and stripped of his passport.

As a result, he did not fight from March to October —from ages 25 to almost 29—as his case worked its way through the appeals process before his conviction was overturned in During this time of inactivity, as opposition to the Vietnam War began to grow and Ali's stance gained sympathy, he spoke at colleges across the nation, criticizing the Vietnam War and advocating African-American pride and racial justice.

Edited versions of the bout were shown in movie theaters in In the U. Ali suggested that prejudice determined his defeat in the U.

He was reported to jokingly say, "That computer was made in Alabama. On August 11, , with his case still in appeal, Ali was granted a license to box by the City of Atlanta Athletic Commission.

Leroy Johnson , Jesse Hill Jr. The win left Ali as a top contender against heavyweight champion Joe Frazier. Ali and Frazier's first fight, held at the Garden on March 8, , was nicknamed the " Fight of the Century ", due to the tremendous excitement surrounding a bout between two undefeated fighters, each with a legitimate claim to be heavyweight champion.

Veteran boxing writer John Condon called it "the greatest event I've ever worked on in my life. Adding to the atmosphere were the considerable pre-fight theatrics and name calling.

Ali portrayed Frazier as a "dumb tool of the white establishment. Dave Wolf, who worked in Frazier's camp, recalled that, "Ali was saying 'the only people rooting for Joe Frazier are white people in suits, Alabama sheriffs, and members of the Ku Klux Klan.

I'm fighting for the little man in the ghetto. Ali began training at a farm near Reading, Pennsylvania , in and, finding the country setting to his liking, sought to develop a real training camp in the countryside.

He found a five-acre site on a Pennsylvania country road in the village of Deer Lake, Pennsylvania. On this site, Ali carved out what was to become his training camp, where he trained for all his fights from to the end of his career in The Monday night fight lived up to its billing.

In a preview of their two other fights, a crouching, bobbing and weaving Frazier constantly pressured Ali, getting hit regularly by Ali jabs and combinations, but relentlessly attacking and scoring repeatedly, especially to Ali's body.

The fight was even in the early rounds, but Ali was taking more punishment than ever in his career. On several occasions in the early rounds he played to the crowd and shook his head "no" after he was hit.

In the later rounds—in what was the first appearance of the " rope-a-dope strategy"—Ali leaned against the ropes and absorbed punishment from Frazier, hoping to tire him.

In the 11th round, Frazier connected with a left hook that wobbled Ali, but because it appeared that Ali might be clowning as he staggered backwards across the ring, Frazier hesitated to press his advantage, fearing an Ali counter-attack.

In the final round, Frazier knocked Ali down with a vicious left hook, which referee Arthur Mercante said was as hard as a man can be hit. Ali was back on his feet in three seconds.

In , basketball star Wilt Chamberlain challenged Ali to a fight, and a bout was scheduled for July These statements of confidence unsettled his taller opponent, whom Los Angeles Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke had offered a record-setting contract, conditional on Chamberlain agreeing to abandon what Cooke termed "this boxing foolishness", [78] and he did exactly that.

After the loss to Frazier, Ali fought Jerry Quarry, had a second bout with Floyd Patterson and faced Bob Foster in , winning a total of six fights that year.

In , Ken Norton broke Ali's jaw while giving him the second loss of his career. After initially considering retirement, Ali won a controversial decision against Norton in their second bout.

Ali was strong in the early rounds of the fight, and staggered Frazier in the second round. Referee Tony Perez mistakenly thought he heard the bell ending the round and stepped between the two fighters as Ali was pressing his attack, giving Frazier time to recover.

However, Frazier came on in the middle rounds, snapping Ali's head in round seven and driving him to the ropes at the end of round eight.

The last four rounds saw round-to-round shifts in momentum between the two fighters. Throughout most of the bout, however, Ali was able to circle away from Frazier's dangerous left hook and to tie Frazier up when he was cornered, the latter a tactic that Frazier's camp complained of bitterly.

Judges awarded Ali a unanimous decision. The defeat of Frazier set the stage for a title fight against heavyweight champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire , on October 30, —a bout nicknamed The Rumble in the Jungle.

Foreman was considered one of the hardest punchers in heavyweight history. In assessing the fight, analysts pointed out that Joe Frazier and Ken Norton , who had given Ali four tough battles and won two of them, had both been devastated by Foreman in second-round knockouts.

Ali was 32 years old, and had clearly lost speed and reflexes since his twenties. Contrary to his later persona, Foreman was at the time a brooding and intimidating presence.

Almost no one associated with the sport, not even Ali's long-time supporter Howard Cosell, gave the former champion a chance of winning.

As usual, Ali was confident and colorful before the fight. He told interviewer David Frost , "If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait till I whup Foreman's behind!

I done wrestled with an alligator, I done tussled with a whale; handcuffed lightning, thrown thunder in jail; only last week, I murdered a rock, injured a stone, hospitalized a brick; I'm so mean I make medicine sick.

Ali opened the fight moving and scoring with right crosses to Foreman's head. Then, beginning in the second round, and to the consternation of his corner, Ali retreated to the ropes and invited Foreman to hit him while covering up, clinching and counter-punching, all while verbally taunting Foreman.

The move, which would later become known as the " Rope-a-dope ", so violated conventional boxing wisdom—letting one of the hardest hitters in boxing strike at will—that at ringside writer George Plimpton thought the fight had to be fixed.

Midway through the fight, as Foreman began tiring, Ali countered more frequently and effectively with punches and flurries, which electrified the pro-Ali crowd.

In the eighth round, Ali dropped an exhausted Foreman with a combination at center ring; Foreman failed to make the count.

Against the odds, and amidst pandemonium in the ring, Ali had regained the title by knockout. Reflecting on the fight, George Foreman later said: "I thought Ali was just one more knockout victim until, about the seventh round, I hit him hard to the jaw and he held me and whispered in my ear: 'That all you got, George?

It was a major upset victory, [83] after Ali came in as a 4—1 underdog against the previously unbeaten, heavy-hitting Foreman.

Wepner, a journeyman known as "The Bayonne Bleeder", stunned Ali with a knockdown in the ninth round; Ali would later say he tripped on Wepner's foot.

It was a bout that would inspire Sylvester Stallone to create the acclaimed film, Rocky. Ali then agreed to a third match with Joe Frazier in Manila.

In the first rounds, Ali was aggressive, moving and exchanging blows with Frazier. However, Ali soon appeared to tire and adopted the "rope-a-dope" strategy, frequently resorting to clinches.

During this part of the bout Ali did some effective counter-punching, but for the most part absorbed punishment from a relentlessly attacking Frazier.

In the 12th round, Frazier began to tire, and Ali scored several sharp blows that closed Frazier's left eye and opened a cut over his right eye.

With Frazier's vision now diminished, Ali dominated the 13th and 14th rounds, at times conducting what boxing historian Mike Silver called "target practice" on Frazier's head.

The fight was stopped when Frazier's trainer, Eddie Futch, refused to allow Frazier to answer the bell for the 15th and final round, despite Frazier's protests.

Frazier's eyes were both swollen shut. Ali, in his corner, winner by TKO, slumped on his stool, clearly spent. An ailing Ali said afterwards that the fight "was the closest thing to dying that I know", and, when later asked if he had viewed the fight on videotape, reportedly said, "Why would I want to go back and see Hell?

After the third fight with Frazier, Ali considered retirement. My arms, my face, my sides all ache. There is a great possibility that I will retire.

You might have seen the last of me. I want to sit back and count my money, live in my house and my farm, work for my people and concentrate on my family.

Rhee called that punch the "Accupunch"; he learned it from Bruce Lee. On June 1, , Ali removed his shirt and jacket and confronted professional wrestler Gorilla Monsoon in the ring after his match at a World Wide Wrestling Federation show in Philadelphia Arena.

After dodging a few punches, Monsoon put Ali in an airplane spin and dumped him to the mat. Ali stumbled to the corner, where his associate Butch Lewis convinced him to walk away.

On June 26, , Ali participated in an exhibition bout in Tokyo against Japanese professional wrestler and martial artist Antonio Inoki.

Ali fought Ken Norton for the third time in September The bout, which was held at Yankee Stadium , resulted in Ali winning a heavily contested decision that was loudly booed by the audience.

Afterwards, he announced he was retiring from boxing to practice his faith, having converted to Sunni Islam after falling out with the Nation of Islam the previous year.

After returning to beat Alfredo Evangelista in May , Ali struggled in his next fight against Earnie Shavers that September, getting pummeled a few times by punches to the head.

Ali won the fight by another unanimous decision, but the bout caused his longtime doctor Ferdie Pacheco to quit after he was rebuffed for telling Ali he should retire.

Pacheco was quoted as saying, "the New York State Athletic Commission gave me a report that showed Ali's kidneys were falling apart. I wrote to Angelo Dundee, Ali's trainer, his wife and Ali himself.

I got nothing back in response. That's when I decided enough is enough. At the time, Spinks had only seven professional fights to his credit, and had recently fought a draw with journeyman Scott LeDoux.

Ali sparred less than two dozen rounds in preparation for the fight, and was seriously out of shape by the opening bell.

He lost the title by split decision. This made Ali the first heavyweight champion to win the belt three times. Following this win, on July 27, , Ali announced his retirement from boxing.

His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time.

The fight was largely motivated by Ali's need for money. Boxing writer Richie Giachetti said, "Larry didn't want to fight Ali.

He knew Ali had nothing left; he knew it would be a horror. It was around this time that Ali started struggling with vocal stutters and trembling hands.

Ali chose instead to check into the Mayo Clinic , who declared him fit to fight. The fight took place on October 2, , in Las Vegas Valley, with Holmes easily dominating Ali, who was weakened from thyroid medication he had taken to lose weight.

Giachetti called the fight "awful The Holmes fight is said to have contributed to Ali's Parkinson's disease. By the end of his boxing career Ali had absorbed , hits.

Ali was married four times and had seven daughters and two sons. Ali was introduced to cocktail waitress Sonji Roi by Herbert Muhammad and asked her to marry him after their first date.

They were wed approximately one month later on August 14, According to Ali, "She wouldn't do what she was supposed to do. She wore lipstick; she went into bars; she dressed in clothes that were revealing and didn't look right.

Just before the divorce was finalized, Ali sent Sonji a note: "You traded heaven for hell, baby.

On August 17, , Ali married Belinda Boyd. Born into a Chicago family that had converted to the Nation Of Islam, she later changed her name to Khalilah Ali, though she was still called Belinda by old friends and family.

Ali was a resident of Cherry Hill, New Jersey , in the early s. While still married to Belinda, Ali married Aaisha in an Islamic ceremony that was not legally recognized.

According to Khaliah, Aaisha and her mother lived at Ali's Deer Lake training camp alongside Belinda and her children. Their second daughter, Laila Ali , was born in December They had been friends since in Louisville.

Together they adopted a son, Asaad Amin, when Asaad was five months old. Kiiursti Mensah-Ali says she is Ali's biological daughter with Barbara Mensah, with whom he allegedly had a year relationship, [] [] [] [] citing photographs and a paternity test conducted in She said he accepted responsibility and took care of her, but all contacts with him were cut off after he married his fourth wife Lonnie.

Kiiursti says she has a relationship with his other children. After his death she again made passionate appeals to be allowed to mourn at his funeral.

In , Osmon Williams came forward claiming to be Ali's biological son. The case went on until and was eventually thrown out as her allegations were deemed to be barred by the statute of limitations.

Ali then lived in Scottsdale, Arizona , with Lonnie. Lonnie converted to Islam from Catholicism in her late twenties. Ali's daughter Laila was a professional boxer from until , [] despite her father's previous opposition to women's boxing.

In he said "Women are not made to be hit in the breast, and face like that Get hit in the breast Ali's daughter Hana is married to Bellator middleweight fighter Kevin Casey.

Ali said that he first heard of the Nation of Islam when he was fighting in the Golden Gloves tournament in Chicago in , and attended his first Nation of Islam meeting in He continued to attend meetings, although keeping his involvement hidden from the public.

In , Clay met Malcolm X , who soon became his spiritual and political mentor. This led to a story in The Miami Herald just before the fight disclosing that Clay had joined the Nation of Islam, which nearly caused the bout to be canceled.

The article quoted Cassius Clay Sr. In fact, Clay was initially refused entry to the Nation of Islam often called the Black Muslims at the time due to his boxing career.

However, after he won the championship from Liston in , the Nation of Islam was more receptive and agreed to publicize his membership.

He stayed in Chicago for about 12 years. Only a few journalists, most notably Howard Cosell, accepted the new name at that time.

Not afraid to antagonize the white establishment, Ali stated, "I am America. I am the part you won't recognize. But get used to me.

Black, confident, cocky; my name, not yours; my religion, not yours; my goals, my own; get used to me. Aligning himself with the Nation of Islam, its leader Elijah Muhammad , and a narrative that labeled the white race as the perpetrator of genocide against African Americans made Ali a target of public condemnation.

The Nation of Islam was widely viewed by whites and some African Americans as a black separatist "hate religion" with a propensity toward violence; Ali had few qualms about using his influential voice to speak Nation of Islam doctrine.

Integration is wrong. We don't want to live with the white man; that's all. But there is an irony to the fact that while the Nation branded white people as devils, Ali had more white colleagues than most African American people did at that time in America, and continued to have them throughout his career.

In a autobiography, Ali attributed his conversion to mainstream Sunni Islam to Warith Deen Muhammad , who assumed leadership of the Nation of Islam upon the death of his father Elijah Muhammad, and persuaded the Nation's followers to become adherents of Sunni Islam.

Ali had gone on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in , which inspired him in a similar manner to Malcolm X, meeting people of different colors from all over the world giving him a different outlook and greater spiritual awareness.

After the September 11 attacks in , he stated that "Islam is a religion of peace " and "does not promote terrorism or killing people", and that he was "angry that the world sees a certain group of Islam followers who caused this destruction, but they are not real Muslims.

They are racist fanatics who call themselves Muslims. In later life, Ali developed an interest in Sufism , which he referenced in his autobiography, The Soul of a Butterfly.

Ali later moved away from Inayat Khan's teachings of Universal Sufism after traditional Sunni-Sufis criticized the movement as being contrary to the actual teachings of Sunni Islam.

Gianotti, who was at Ali's bedside during his last days and ensured that his funeral was in accordance with Islamic rites and rituals. Ali said the idea was not to use the proceeds for profit, but to establish an international agency to help poor children.

He added, "I love the music. I used to train to their music. Ali registered for conscription in the United States military on his 18th birthday and was listed as 1-A in Armed Forces qualifying test because his writing and spelling skills were sub-standard, [] due to his dyslexia.

Army at a time when the U. When notified of this status, Ali declared that he would refuse to serve in the army and publicly considered himself a conscientious objector.

I'm not trying to dodge the draft. We are not supposed to take part in no wars unless declared by Allah or The Messenger.

We don't take part in Christian wars or wars of any unbelievers. On April 28, , Ali appeared in Houston for his scheduled induction into the U.

Armed Forces, but he refused three times to step forward when his name was called. Once more, Ali refused to budge when his name was called, and he was arrested.

Later that same day, the New York State Athletic Commission suspended his boxing license and stripped him of his title.

Other boxing commissions followed suit. Ali remained unable to obtain a license to box in any state for over three years.

The meeting was organized by Jim Brown for his peers to question Ali about the seriousness of his convictions, and to decide whether to support him, which they ultimately did.

Supreme Court in Ali remained free in the years between the Appellate Court decision and the Supreme Court ruling. As public opinion began turning people against the war and the Civil Rights Movement continued to gather momentum, Ali became a popular speaker at colleges and universities across the country; this itinerary was rare if not unprecedented for a prizefighter.

At Howard University , for example, he gave his popular "Black Is Best" speech to 4, cheering students and community intellectuals, after he was invited to speak by sociology professor Nathan Hare on behalf of the Black Power Committee, a student protest group.

United States overturned Ali's conviction by a unanimous 8—0 decision Justice Thurgood Marshall recused himself, as he had been the U. Solicitor General at the time of Ali's conviction.

Ali's example inspired countless black Americans and others. The New York Times columnist William Rhoden wrote, "Ali's actions changed my standard of what constituted an athlete's greatness.

Possessing a killer jump shot or the ability to stop on a dime was no longer enough. What were you doing for the liberation of your people?

What were you doing to help your country live up to the covenant of its founding principles? Recalling Ali's anti-war position, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar said: "I remember the teachers at my high school didn't like Ali because he was so anti-establishment and he kind of thumbed his nose at authority and got away with it.

The fact that he was proud to be a black man and that he had so much talent But for those very reasons I enjoyed him.

Civil rights figures came to believe that Ali had an energizing effect on the freedom movement as a whole. Al Sharpton spoke of his bravery at a time when there was still widespread support for the Vietnam War.

Even those who were assassinated, certainly lost their lives, but they didn't voluntarily do that. He knew he was going to jail and did it anyway.

That's another level of leadership and sacrifice. Ali was honored with the annual Martin Luther King Award in by civil rights leader Ralph Abernathy , who called him "a living example of soul power, the March on Washington in two fists.

In speaking of the cost on Ali's career of his refusal to be drafted, his trainer Angelo Dundee said, "One thing must be taken into account when talking about Ali: He was robbed of his best years, his prime years.

Bob Arum did not support Ali's choice at the time. More recently, Arum stated that "when I look back at his life, and I was blessed to call him a friend and spent a lot of time with him, it's hard for me to talk about his exploits in boxing because as great as they were they paled in comparison to the impact that he had on the world," and "He did what he thought was right.

And it turned out he was right, and I was wrong. Ali's resistance to the draft was covered in the documentary The Trials of Muhammad Ali.

Martin Luther King Jr. Ali had a cameo role in the film version of Requiem for a Heavyweight , and during his exile from boxing, he starred in the short-lived Broadway musical, Buck White.

He also appeared in the documentary film Black Rodeo riding both a horse and a bull. Senate and battles other former slaves and white sharecroppers to keep the land they have tended all their lives.

Ali often used rhyme schemes and spoken word poetry, both for when he was trash-talking in boxing and as political poetry for his activism outside of boxing.

He played a role in the shaping of the black poetic tradition, paving the way for The Last Poets in , Gil Scott-Heron in , and the emergence of rap music in the s.

In , Ali released an album of spoken word music on Columbia Records titled, I Am the Greatest , and in , he recorded a cover version of the rhythm and blues song " Stand by Me ".

Tooth Decay. Ali was an influential figure in the world of hip hop music. As a "rhyming trickster", he was noted for his "funky delivery", "boasts", "comical trash-talk", and "endless quotables.

I done handcuffed lightning and throw thunder in jail. Just last week, I murdered a rock, Injured a stone, Hospitalized a brick. His hands can't hit what his eyes can't see.

Now you see me, now you don't. George thinks he will, but I know he won't. So confident in what he said; fluent, smooth, creative, and intimidating.

He was a boxer and an activist, but he also had a role in influencing what now dominated pop-culture, hip-hop.

Chuck D , a rapper for the band Public Enemy is the host. Muhammad Ali's fights were some of the world's most-watched television broadcasts , setting television viewership records.

The following table lists known viewership figures of his non-fight television appearances. For television viewership figures of his fights, see Boxing career of Muhammad Ali: Television viewership.

In , Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease , a disease that sometimes results from head trauma from violent physical activities such as boxing.

Ali was known for being a humanitarian [] and philanthropist. Ali began visiting Africa starting in , when he visited Ghana. In , Ali was recruited by President Jimmy Carter for a diplomatic mission to Africa, in an effort to persuade a number of African governments to join the US-led boycott of the Moscow Olympics in response to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.

According to Ali biographer Thomas Hauser, "at best, it was ill-conceived; at worst, a diplomatic disaster. Ali was unable to explain why the African countries should join the US boycott when it had failed to support the African boycott of the Olympics in protest at Apartheid in South Africa , and was unaware that the Soviet Union was sponsoring popular revolutionary movements in Africa.

Ali conceded "They didn't tell me about that in America", and complained that Carter had sent him "around the world to take the whupping over American policies.

Ali did, however, convince the government of Kenya to boycott the Olympics. On January 19, , in Los Angeles, Ali talked a suicidal man down from jumping off a ninth-floor ledge, an event that made national news.

When asked to elaborate on his endorsement of Reagan, Ali told reporters, "He's keeping God in schools and that's enough. Around , the California Bicentennial Foundation for the U.

Constitution selected Ali to personify the vitality of the U. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Ali rode on a float at the following year's Tournament of Roses Parade , launching the U.

Constitution's th birthday commemoration. In , Ali traveled to Iraq prior to the Gulf War , and met with Saddam Hussein in an attempt to negotiate the release of American hostages.

Ali secured the release of the hostages, in exchange for promising Hussein that he would bring America "an honest account" of Iraq.

Despite rescuing hostages, he received criticism from President George H. Bush , diplomat Joseph C.

Wilson , and The New York Times. In , Ali campaigned to the United States government to come to the aid of refugees afflicted by the Rwandan genocide , and to donate to organizations helping Rwandan refugees.

In , Ali led a group of Japanese and American professional wrestlers, including his opponent Antonio Inoki and Ric Flair , on a sports diplomacy mission to North Korea.

Ali was guest of honor at the record-breaking Collision in Korea , a wrestling event with the largest attendance of all time.

In , he had the honor of lighting the flame at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. It was watched by an estimated 3.

On November 17, , Ali went to Afghanistan as the " U. Messenger of Peace. On July 27, , Ali was a titular bearer of the Olympic flag during the opening ceremonies of the Summer Olympics in London.

He was helped to his feet by his wife Lonnie to stand before the flag due to his Parkinson's rendering him unable to carry it into the stadium.

The press attributed his decline in wealth to several factors, including taxes consuming at least half of his income, management taking a third of his income, [] his lifestyle, and spending on family, charity and religious causes.

Ali's bout with Parkinson's led to a gradual decline in his health, though he was still active into the early years of the millennium, promoting his own biopic, Ali , in That year he also contributed an on-camera segment to the America: A Tribute to Heroes benefit concert.

In , Ali began working with actor Michael J. Fox , who has Parkinson's disease , to raise awareness and fund research for a cure.

They made a joint appearance before Congress to push the case in In , Ali worked with the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Disease to raise awareness and encourage donations for research.

In February , Ali's brother Rahman Ali said Muhammad could no longer speak and could be dead within days.

Ali was hospitalized in Scottsdale, Arizona , on June 2, , with a respiratory illness. Though his condition was initially described as fair, it worsened, and he died the following day at the age of 74 from septic shock.

Following Ali's death, he was the number-one trending topic on Twitter for over 12 hours and on Facebook for several days.

ESPN played four hours of non-stop commercial-free coverage of Ali. He was mourned globally, and a family spokesman said the family "certainly believes that Muhammad was a citizen of the world But he only has one hometown.

Ali's funeral had been pre-planned by himself and others for several years prior to his actual death. On June 10, , the funeral procession passed through the streets of Louisville ending at Cave Hill Cemetery , where his body was interred during a private ceremony.

His grave is marked with a simple granite marker that bears only his name. Center was held during the afternoon of June Muhammad Ali defeated every top heavyweight in his era, which has been called the golden age of heavyweight boxing.

Ali was named "Fighter of the Year" by The Ring magazine more times than any other fighter, and was involved in more Ring "Fight of the Year" bouts than any other fighter.

He was one of only three boxers to be named " Sportsman of the Year " by Sports Illustrated. This was controversial at the time, as within a week 12 of the 70 street signs were stolen.

Earlier that year, a committee of the Jefferson County Public Schools Kentucky considered renaming Ali's alma mater, Central High School, in his honor, but the motion failed to pass.

In time, Muhammad Ali Boulevard—and Ali himself—came to be well accepted in his hometown. In , the Associated Press reported that Ali was tied with Babe Ruth as the most recognized athlete, out of over dead or living athletes, in America.

In addition to displaying his boxing memorabilia, the center focuses on core themes of peace, social responsibility, respect, and personal growth.

On June 5, , he received an honorary doctorate of humanities at Princeton University 's th graduation ceremony.

Construction of the mall, the first of its kind in the Philippines, began shortly after Ali's victory in a match with Joe Frazier in nearby Araneta Coliseum in The mall opened in with Ali attending its opening.

The Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki fight played an important role in the history of mixed martial arts.

Pride was acquired by its rival, Ultimate Fighting Championship , in The Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act was introduced in and passed in , to protect the rights and welfare of boxers in the United States.

The annual award was originally created in and honors former "sports figures who embody the ideals of sportsmanship, leadership and philanthropy as vehicles for changing the world.

On 13th January , seven months or so after Ali's death, and 4 days before what would have been his 75th birthday, the Muhammad Ali Commemorative Coin Act was introduced into the th Congress — , as H.

However, both "died" within 10 days. As a world champion boxer, social activist, and pop culture icon, Ali was the subject of numerous creative works including books, films, music, video games, TV shows, and other.

Muhammad Ali was often dubbed the world's "most famous" person in the media. Ali appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated on 38 different occasions, [] second only to Michael Jordan 's On the set of Freedom Road Ali met Canadian singer-songwriter Michel also known as Robert Williams, a co-founder of The Kindness Offensive [] , and subsequently helped create Michel's album entitled The First Flight of the Gizzelda Dragon and an unaired television special featuring them both.

Muhammad Ali , a DC Comics comic book pitting the champ against the superhero. The show's title itself was inspired by the quote "Different strokes for different folks" popularized in by Ali, who also inspired the title of the Syl Johnson song "Different Strokes", one of the most sampled songs in pop music history.

The Muhammad Ali effect, named after Ali, is a term that came into use in psychology in the s, as he stated in The Greatest: My Own Story : "I only said I was the greatest, not the smartest.

Prior to making the film, Smith rejected the role until Ali requested that he accept it. Smith said the first thing Ali told him was: "Man, you're almost pretty enough to play me.

In , Ali was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the entertainment industry. Ken Burns is working on a four-part documentary film, spanning over eight hours on Ali's entire life which has been in the works since and is scheduled to release in the fall of on PBS.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cassius Clay disambiguation and Mohammad Ali disambiguation.

American boxer, philanthropist and activist. Louisville, Kentucky , U. Scottsdale, Arizona , U. Sonji Roi. Belinda Boyd. Yolanda Williams.

Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. Odessa Grady Clay. Medal record. Main articles: Boxing career of Muhammad Ali and professional boxing record.

Main article: Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston. Floyd Patterson. Main article: The Super Fight. Main article: Fight of the Century.

Jimmy Ellis. Joe Frazier II. Main article: The Rumble in the Jungle. Main article: Thrilla in Manila. Children of Muhammad Ali. Main article: Religious views of Muhammad Ali.

See also: Clay v. United States. My enemy is the white people, not Viet Cong or Chinese or Japanese. You my opposer when I want freedom.

You my opposer when I want justice. You my opposer when I want equality. You won't even stand up for me in America for my religious beliefs—and you want me to go somewhere and fight, but you won't even stand up for me here at home?

Further information: Muhammad Ali in media and popular culture. Main article: Muhammad Ali in media and popular culture.

United States portal Biography portal Islam portal Sports portal. Both these records were eventually beaten by Wladimir Klitschko. MediaWorks TV.

March 31, Retrieved June 4,

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